Archive for October, 2008


This is going to be a short post, just like to let everyone knows that my little sister has created (and designed) her own brand of ladies handbags; well done Sonia!! You can see all her 2009 collection at

Go and check them out… 🙂

Restarting/Restoring Audio in Ubuntu Without Rebooting 24

Occasionally on my Ubuntu machine the sound/audio somehow stops working, and although most of the time this can be fixed by closing and then restarting the audio programme (or any other service that occupies the audio driver) you’re running. However on odd occasions the audio still fails to work and you might have to reboot the OS in order to get the audio/sound back which is rather irritating.

Here is a quick way of restarting/restoring your audio/sound without rebooting your Ubuntu system, try using the following command:

sudo /etc/init.d/alsa-utils restart

This should restart your ALSA (Advanced Linux Sound Architecture) driver instantly. However, sometimes certain programmes still keep holding on the audio driver even after your restart ALSA. Try the following command:

lsof | grep pcm

to find out the list of open files and close (kill -9) those processes that are still holding the sound driver.

How to Increase the Hard-disk Size for the Existing VMWare Hard Disk (VMDK) 0

It’s pretty straightforward really, just use the following command:

vmware-vdiskmanager -x sizeGB name-of-your-vmware-image.vmdk

for instance, if you wish to increase the capacity of the hard-disk to 20GB:

vmware-vdiskmanager -x 20GB WinXPProSP3.vmdk

Then you should see something similar to the followings:

The old geometry C/H/S of the disk is: 1910/255/63
The new geometry C/H/S of the disk is: 2610/255/63
Disk expansion completed successfully.

WARNING: If the virtual disk is partitioned, you must use a third-party
utility in the virtual machine to expand the size of the
partitions. For more information, see:

If you start the VMWare again and choose the same VMWare image, the hard-disk size of the chosen image will have increased. To see the newly created space/partition inside the Windows, click on Control Panel > Performance and Maintenance > Administrative Tools > Computer Management. Then click on Disk Management under the Storage section from the left. The new unformatted partition should be there. However, in order to merge the new space with existing one, you need to use 3rd-party partitioning tools such as EASEUS Partition Manager Home Edition (free) or Partition Magic (commercial).

That’s it, it’s that simple!!